Sleep Diagnostics 101

September 22, 2021

Sleep plays an essential role in our overall health. Unfortunately, almost half of all adults in the United States report feeling sleepy, tired, or exhausted during the day. And 35.2 percent of individuals report sleeping less than the recommended minimum daily amount of seven hours for adults aged 18–64; 32.6 percent of working adults sleep less than six hours per night. To add to the frightening statistics, 10–30 percent of adults struggle with insomnia, a sleep disorder that makes it difficult to fall asleep or causes you to wake up too early. And 15–30 percent of males and 10–30 percent of females meet a broad definition of sleep apnea, either obstructive (OSA) or central, a potentially serious sleeping disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops.

Insufficient sleep has a host of consequences, including moodiness, weight gain, daytime fatigue, exhaustion, and chronic illness. Studies estimate that inadequate sleep has an economic impact of over $411 billion each year. Drowsy driving is responsible for over 6,000 car crashes each year, and individuals who are suffering from insomnia are seven times more likely to have a work-related accident.

With so many people suffering and so much at stake, screening, diagnosing, and treating sleep-related disorders is vitally important. As a crash course on sleep diagnostics 101, here’s what you need to know about each of these steps to better sleep.


Medical screening and diagnosis can seem daunting, often requiring a sophisticated team of experts, leaving you on your own to schedule many appointments with many providers, and causing many headaches. However, companies like Pneusomnia, a multidisciplinary sleep practice that provides holistic care for those with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), offer a solution. The team at Pneusomnia provides a wide range of medical treatment options tailored to each patient’s specific needs, beginning with a consultation by a dentist specializing in sleep and airway and an at-home or in-office sleep study.

The at-home study comes in the form of a simple ring, known as the VivoScore device, which you place on your finger while you sleep. VivoScore, powered by SleepImage, is a cloud-based sleep evaluation, diagnostic, and management system using a single-sensor technology with automated output that is cleared by the FDA for children and adults and found to be comparable to polysomnography (PSG) to aid clinical diagnosis of OSA. It is an effective tool for screening patients for sleep quality and providing healthcare practitioners with the necessary data for addressing and monitoring sleep disorders.

Diagnosis at Pneusonmia, and clinics around the nation, is done by dentists specializing in sleep and airway, the front-line of defense.


Once your healthcare provider receives the data from your sleep study, they can determine the best approach in the future. The data gathered during an at-home or in-office sleep study is key to proper diagnosis. This includes information about the number of disruptions to sleep, periods of sleep apnea, both obstructive (OSA) and central, and how much time is spent in each level of sleep, such as REM. Treatment options are diverse and tailored to your specific wants and needs. The most important thing is understanding your body, being open with your healthcare provider about your concerns, and brainstorming together the best possible solution.


The bottom line for treatment is that there is no one-size-fits-all solution to SDB. Each patient must be evaluated by their sleep doctor. A dentist specializing in sleep and airway will then provide a tailored treatment plan the patient’s wants and needs.

Some of the options include the following:

  • The Vivos System (nonsurgical, personalized oral appliance therapy)
  • Mandibular advancement
  • CPAP, APAP, and BiPAP therapies
  • Surgical intervention or implants
  • Treatment for associated medical problems
  • Surgery (tissue removal or shrinkage, jaw repositioning, implants, or tracheostomy)
  • Lifestyle modification

Sleep studies are an essential tool in screening patients for SDB, such as OSA. By discussing your concerns with your dentist specializing in sleep and airway or primary healthcare provider (PCP), they can provide the best course of action and the best possible care.